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Thread: The History of the VW Passat.

  1. #1
    Volksfolks Guest

    The History of the VW Passat.

    History of the Passat

    VW's Passat is the largest car in their lineup. While the European Passats have always kept the Passat name, the US market has had a few name changes since the first Passat. In the US, the Passat was first introduced as the Dasher. Then came the Quantum/Santana. And for the last three generations VW's largest car has been named Passat. Launched in 1973, the Dasher was the replacement for the 1600 series. The top of the line Passat TS featured an 85HP water-cooled 1.5L four-cylinder motor with an overhead camshaft driving the front wheels. This Dasher was good for 0-100KM/h in 12 seconds with a top speed of 105 MPH. Getting 23.5 MPG it was pretty economical too, perfect for the oil crisis. The Dasher got a facelift in fall 1977 along with a few improvements including all motors were equipped with hardened valve seats so they could run unleaded fuel.



    Dasher: 1975 - 1980



    Quantum: 1980 - 1988
    The Quantum/Santana replaced the Dasher in 1980 it was longer, wider, and had more interior space than its predecessor. There were four engines to choose from, a 1.6L diesel, 1.3L and 1.6L four cylinder motors, and a top of the line five cylinder motor good for 115 HP. The US got the Quantum Syncro Wagon starting in 1985. By 1986, the QSW had a base price of $15,645 including standard Cruise Control, and could be optioned out with power windows, locks, mirrors, sunroof, and an AM/FM cassette stereo for $17,280. While this sounds steep, the only other car of its time that could compete was the twice as costly Audi 5000 Quattro Wagon.



    For 1988, VW presented the world with the third generation Passat, although it wasn't readily available in the US until 1990. This model is easily identified by its lack of a front grill. The 1990 B3 Passat came standard with the 2.0L 16V motor. Rated at 134HP and 133lbs/ft torque it was capable of 0-60MPH in 9.8 seconds and could go on to a top speed of 125MPH. One cool feature of the B3 Passat was the adjustable rear seats. While the B3 Passat compared favorably to it's Japanese and American competitors, it never was able to keep up in sales volume. There are a lot of loyal B3 owners though, something that the Americans and Japanese can't say. For 1991(1992 US), the Passat was the first VW to receive the all-new VR6 motor. With 172 HP on tap, it made the 5 speed Passat go 0-60MPH in 7.9 seconds.



    B3 Passat: 1990 -1994



    B4 Passat: 1995 - 1997
    In 1995, VW freshened the Passats' design with the new B4 series. Standard fare was the 8-valve 2 liter four, but the GLX model still got the 2.8L VR6. With almost 3100 lbs. of car to pull, the 8 valve motor needed 9.8 seconds to hit 60MPH. The GLX took only 8 seconds with the VR6. New to the B4 were driver and passenger airbags up front in place of motorized seat belts. Also the B4 now sported a grilled nose. Standard equipment included power windows, locks, heated power mirrors, factory alarm, AM/FM Cassette stereo with 8 speakers, and CFC free air conditioning.
    Last edited by Volksfolks; 17-05-2007 at 06:45 PM.

  2. #2
    Volksfolks Guest
    B5 Passats were first introduced in 1998 and were initially available only in the base GLS model with the 1.8t motor. Soon thereafter a GLX model with the Audi 30V V6 came along and the GLS V6. The B5 Passat is based off of the same platform as the Audi A4 and Audi A6. It even shares the 1.8t I4 and 30V V6 with the Audi models. The newest Passat has a five valve per cylinder dual over-head cam (V6 with variable valve timing) longitudinally mounted engine that drives the front wheels. It has a multilink front suspension that is designed to effectively eliminate torque steer, while the rear gets a torsion beam setup. Standard equipment includes driver and front passenger front and side airbags, ABS, electronic differential lock, power windows, locks, heated power mirrors, factory alarm, MFA, AM/FM Cassette stereo with 8 speakers, and CFC free air conditioning. A power glass sunroof, heated seats, and a five-speed tiptronic auto transmission are options. For 1999 the Passat got the new blue and red dashboard lighting. The hot setup for B5's? 1.8 turbo 5speed with a performance chip: 190-200HP, 230-255lb/ft of torque.





    B5 Passat: 1998 - 2005

  3. #3
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    interesting write up thanks for that
    VW: it aint just a car, its a way of life
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    sweet, got something to read shortly lol
    What’s behind you doesn’t matter..

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    Nice B6 to go!

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    W8's are $15K in the UK I want to kill somone

  7. #7
    brackie Guest

    Great writeup

    Thanks, Andy. I'll make this thread a "sticky".

  8. #8
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    " For 1988, VW presented the world with the third generation Passat, although it wasn't readily available in the US until 1990. This model is easily identified by its lack of a front grill. The 1990 B3 Passat came standard with the 2.0L 16V motor. Rated at 134HP and 133lbs/ft torque it was capable of 0-60MPH in 9.8 seconds and could go on to a top speed of 125MPH. One cool feature of the B3 Passat was the adjustable rear seats. While the B3 Passat compared favorably to it's Japanese and American competitors, it never was able to keep up in sales volume. There are a lot of loyal B3 owners though, something that the Americans and Japanese can't say. For 1991(1992 US), the Passat was the first VW to receive the all-new VR6 motor. With 172 HP on tap, it made the 5 speed Passat go 0-60MPH in 7.9 seconds. "


    For historical accuracy, one should mention the 112bhp 1800 8V, 139bhp KR 16v, 2 litre 8V and the G60 in both 2wd and syncro variations.

    When I get a moment I'll scan in some VW brochures that I have from that era.

    Gavin

    There's more, the KR and 9A were dropped for the B4 and were replaced with the ABF. Which would have been an ideal motor to have in a wagon. I only ever saw one and even with the leather in it, I couldn't buy into all the other faults it had.
    Last edited by h100vw; 18-05-2007 at 08:34 AM.

  9. #9
    Volksfolks Guest
    Hi Gavin, your input is much appriciated, there are many variations of this car, anyone care to find some info on the latest version B6!

    thanks Andy

  10. #10
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    Question

    G60 was never fitted to the Passat ???????
    - Ben

    1961 Karmann Ghia Coupé - 1993 Golf Cabriolet - 2006 Golf Comfortline 1.9L TDI
    2008 Jetta 2.0L FSI

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